Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History

GPLH6 cover

Max Planck-institutet för europeisk rättshistoria berättar följande om sin senaste publikation:

With ”Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History. Research Experiences and Itineraries”, the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History presents the sixth volume in its book series ”Global Perspectives on Legal History”.

Global Perspectives on Legal History is a book series edited and published by the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. As its title suggests, the series is designed to advance the scholarly research of legal historians worldwide who seek to transcend the established boundaries of national legal scholarship that typically sets the focus on a single, dominant modus of normativity and law. The series aims to privilege studies dedicated to reconstructing the historical evolution of normativity from a global perspective.

It includes monographs, editions of sources, and collaborative works. All titles in the series are available both as premium print-on-demand and in the open-access format.

More information on the series and forthcoming volumes: http://global.rg.mpg.de

Nu aktuell bok är: Massimo Meccarelli, María Julia Solla Sastre (eds.), Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History. Research Experiences and Itineraries. Global Perspectives on Legal History 6, Frankfurt am Main: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History 2016. 300 p., € 14,99 D, ISBN: 978-3-944773-05-6

Open Access Online Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.12946/gplh6

Print-on-demand: http://www.epubli.de/shop/buch/53894

Presentation av boken:

”The spatiotemporal conjunction is a fundamental aspect of the juridical reflection on the historicity of law. Despite the fact that it seems to represent an issue directly connected with the question of where legal history is heading today, it still has not been the object of a focused inquiry. Against this background, the book’s proposal consists in rethinking key confluences related to this problem in order to provide coordinates for a collective understanding and dialogue.

The aim of this volume, however, is not to offer abstract methodological considerations, but rather to rely both on concrete studies, out of which a reflection on this conjunction emerges, as well as on the reconstruction of certain research lines featuring a spatiotemporal component.

This analytical approach makes a contribution by providing some suggestions for the employment of space and time as coordinates for legal history. Indeed, contrary to those historiographical attitudes reflecting a monistic conception of space and time (as well as a Eurocentric approach), the book emphasises the need for a delocalized global perspective. In general terms, the essays collected in this book intend to take into account the multiplicity of the spatiotemporal confines, the flexibility of those instruments that serve to create chronologies and scenarios, as well as certain processes of adaptation of law to different times and into different spaces.

The spatiotemporal dynamism enables historians not only to detect new perspectives and dimensions in foregone themes, but also to achieve new and compelling interpretations of legal history. As far as the relationship between space and law is concerned, the book analyses experiences in which space operates as a determining factor of law, e.g. in terms of a field of action for law. Moreover, it outlines the attempted scales of spatiality in order to develop legal historical research. With reference to the connection between time and law, the volume sketches the possibility of considering the factor of time, not just as a descriptive tool, but as an ascriptive moment (quasi an inner feature) of a legal problem, thus making it possible to appreciate the synchronic aspects of the ‘juridical experience’.

As a whole, the volume aims to present spatiotemporality as a challenge for legal history. Indeed, reassessing the value of the spatiotemporal coordinates for legal history implies thinking through both the thematic and methodological boundaries of the discipline.”

Innehåll:

Introduction

3 Massimo Meccarelli, María Julia Solla Sastre
Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History:
An Introduction

Experiences

27 Pietro Costa
A ‘Spatial Turn’ for Legal History? A Tentative Assessment
63 Javier Barrientos Grandon
Sobre el “Espacio” y el “Tiempo” y el “Estado de las Personas”.
Una mirada desde la Historia del Derecho
101 Alejandro Agüero
Local Law and Localization of Law. Hispanic Legal Tradition and Colonial Culture (16th –18th Centuries)
131 Marta Lorente Sariñena
Uti possidetis, ita domini eritis. International Law and the Historiography of the Territory

Itineraries

175 Paolo Cappellini
Carl Schmitt revisited. Ripensare il Concetto di ‘Grande Spazio’ (Großraum) in un Contesto Globale
195 Laura Beck Varela
The Diffusion of Law Books in Early Modern Europe:
A Methodological Approach
241 Floriana Colao
Per una Storia del Processo Penale «all’Italiana». «Astratte Modellistiche» e «Abitudini Profondamente Radicate»
279 Giacomo Pace Gravina
Beyond the Lighthouse. Sicily and the ‘Sicilies’:
Institutional Readings of a Borderland
289 Contributors
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Ledig tjänst som doktorand i rättshistoria i Oslo

En stilling som stipendiat i rettshistorie er ledig ved Institutt for offentlig rett, Det juridiske fakultet, Universitetet i Oslo. Stillingen er knyttet til det tverrfaglige, nordiske forskningsprosjektet «Offentlighet og ytringsfrihet i Norden, 1815-1900», som er en del av satsingsområdet UIO: Norden ved Universitetet i Oslo. For å søke på stillingen, se full utlysningstekst på

http://uio.easycruit.com/vacancy/1637471/70420?iso=no

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Doktorgradsstipend i rettshistorie knyttet til prosjektet «Offentlighet og ytringsfrihet i Norden, 1815-1900»

En stilling som stipendiat i rettshistorie er ledig ved Institutt for offentlig rett, Det juridiske fakultet, Universitetet i Oslo. Stillingen er knyttet til det tverrfaglige, nordiske forskningsprosjektet «Offentlighet og ytringsfrihet i Norden, 1815-1900», som er en del av satsingsområdet UIO: Norden ved Universitetet i Oslo.

Søkeren må legge fram en prosjektbeskrivelse på 5-10 sider innenfor tematikken i forskningsprosjektet «Offentlighet og ytringsfrihet i Norden, 1815-1900». Prosjektbeskrivelsen skal redegjøre for forskningstemaet, dets betydning og relevans for hovedprosjektet, valg av teori og vitenskapelig metode og for hvorledes arbeidet planlegges gjennomført. Det forutsettes at søkeren vil kunne gjennomføre prosjektet i løpet av tilsettingstiden.

Tilsettingen gjelder for en periode på 4 år, hvilket forutsetter 75 % forskning og 25 % undervisningsplikt, eller for 3 år uten undervisningsplikt. Tilsetting for 4 år forutsetter at den enkelte kandidat kan fylle et udekket arbeidsbehov innenfor fakultets obligatoriske fag. Tilsettingen kan begrenses innenfor rammene av gjeldende retningslinjer på grunn av eventuelt tidligere tilsettingsforhold i vitenskapelig utdanningsstilling.

Stipendiatstillingen er en utdanningsstilling og skal lede fram til en ph.d.-grad fra Det juridiske fakultet I Oslo. Det forutsettes at den som tilsettes kvalifiserer for opptak på fakultetets doktorgradsprogram.

Til stillingen kreves norsk mastergrad i rettsvitenskap, eller tilsvarende utdanning. Det forutsettes at søkeren behersker eller lærer seg å beherske norsk eller annet skandinavisk språk.

Ved vurdering av søknadene vil det, foruten de ovennevnte faglige prioriteringer, bli lagt vekt på karakterer, eventuell tidligere skriftlige produksjon, prosjektbeskrivelsen og søkerens faglige og personlige forutsetninger for å gjennomføre prosjektet. Aktuelle kandidater vil bli innkalt til intervju.

Vi tilbyr
lønn etter lønnstrinn 50 – 57
et hyggelig og inspirerende arbeidsmiljø
god pensjonsordning i Statens Pensjonskasse
stilling i en IA-virksomhet
gode velferdsordninger

Søknaden skal inneholde
søknadsbrev
prosjektbeskrivelse på 5-10 sider
CV (fullstendig oversikt over utdanning, praksis og faglig arbeid)
kopier av vitnemål med alle karakterer som inngår i graden, attester og fullstendig publikasjonsliste. For søkere med utdanning fra utlandet kreves kopi av originalvitnemål samt engelsk eller skandinavisk oversettelse.
utenlandske vitnemål må ha vedlagt forklaring på karaktersystem
inntil 3 vitenskapelige arbeider av relevans for stillingen. Dersom arbeidene er skrevet av flere forfattere, må arbeidsfordelingen mellom disse dokumenteres med medforfattererklæring.

Alle dokumenter må være på engelsk eller et skandinavisk språk.

Det vises for øvrig til gjeldende retningslinjer for ansettelse i stipendiatstillinger ved universiteter og høgskoler.

UiO har en overtakelsesavtale for alle tilsatte med formål å sikre rettighetene til forskningsresultater m.m.

I henhold til offentleglova § 25, 2. ledd kan opplysninger om søkeren bli offentliggjort selv om søkeren har anmodet om ikke å bli oppført på søkerlisten.

Den statlige arbeidsstyrken skal i størst mulig grad gjenspeile mangfoldet i befolkningen. I tråd med Universitetet i Oslos likestillingspolitikk oppfordrer vi alle interesserte til å søke, uavhengige av kjønn og etnisitet.

Kontaktpersoner:
Kontorsjef Øyvind Henden
tlf: +47 22 85 94 32
mob: +47 976 00 690
Prodekan Alf Petter Høgberg
tlf: +47 22859487

Universitetet i Oslo er Norges eldste og høyest rangerte forsknings- og undervisningsinstitusjon med 28 000 studenter og 7 000 ansatte. Faglig bredde og internasjonalt anerkjente forskningsmiljøer gjør UiO til en viktig samfunnsaktør.

Institutt for offentlig rett er et av fem institutter ved Det juridiske fakultet og består av ca 100 medarbeidere. Instituttet er det største norske fagmiljøet innenfor offentligrettslige fag og folkerett.

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British Legal History Conference 2017

Vi har också fått call for papers till den brittiska rättshistorikerkonferensen år 2017.

Dear Friends of the British Legal History Conference,

We are pleased to announce that the 2017 British Legal History Conference will be held on the 5-8 July 2017 at University College London. The conference theme will be “Networks and Connections”.

We are now calling for papers and more details can be found at the conference website: http://www.laws.ucl.ac.uk/event/british-legal-history-conference/. The deadline for paper proposals is 26 August 2016.

Conference registration will be announced later this year, when a further e-mail will be sent.

Please send all e-mails concerning the conference to blhc2017@ucl.ac.uk. We are experiencing some teething troubles with the conference e-mail address at present. While you can send messages to that address, please do not reply to it using the reply function in e-mail; doing so results in an undeliverable message.

Best wishes,

Michael Lobban and Ian Williams

 

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Tredje nordiska rättshistorikermötet, 24-26 april 2017

Av våra danska kollegor har vi fått följande inbjudan.

505x269-crs-emailgrafik-dansk

Kære kolleger,

Som aftalt på mødet i Oslo 2015 finder det tredje nordiske retshistorikermøde sted i København i 2017.

Der er truffet aftale om, at mødet kan afholdes i Det kongelige danske Videnskabernes Selskabs lokaler, H.C. Andersens Boulevard 35, i dagene 24.-26. april 2017.

Programmet vil bestå af et antal key note-taler samt forskningspræsentationer fra deltagerne. Temavalget er frit, og arrangørerne vil sammensætte sessioner efter emnernes karakter. Vi håber at kunne undgå parallelsessioner og foreslår oplæg ca. 20 min. med efterfølgende diskussion.

Som vanligt sørger deltagerne selv for hotel og rejse. Vi vil indbyde til lunch og middag. Der er mulighed for at bestille værelse på Hotel Astoria til en fordelagtig pris, læs mere om dette i tilmeldingsformularen.

Mødet indledes den 24. om eftermiddagen kl. 14 og forventes afsluttet den 26. om eftermiddagen.

Denne indbydelse sendes til de retshistorikere og interesserede, hvis adresser vi har, og som vi kender. I er velkomne til at foreslå andre interesserede, som I mener, vil have glæde af at deltage.

Registrering og temavalg angives på dette link: http://www.tilmeld.dk/tredje-nordiske-retshistorikermoede

Henvendelser af praktisk karakter kan ske til Maria Lotz, maria.lotz@jur.ku.dk

Vi ser frem til din deltagelse.

Med venlig hilsen

Ditlev Tamm og Helle Vogt

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Seminar: Swedish court design in historical perspective

On 31 May 2016, a seminar was held at the Malmö City Court with the Court of the Future Network on the theme Swedish court design in historical perspective. The Court of the Future Network is a group of judges, court executives, architects and academics with an interest in court architecture, technology, security and access to justice. Coordinator of the network is Professor David Tait, Professor of Justice Research, Western Sydney University. About 20 delegates from seven countries, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Ireland, visited courts in Denmark and Southern Sweden 30 May – 3 June 2016. Issues that were discussed are:

  • How architecture can contribute to creating the right emotions for justice processes
  • The concept of the ’ting’ – part of the name of the court ‘tingsrätt’; an alternative metaphor in the European imaginary to justice under the tree
  • Dealing with high-security matters in a calm and respectful way
  • In-court furniture design
  • Sustainable architecture

After a guided tour of the city court building in Malmö, the seminar, chaired by Frank Greene, took place with the following presentations:

Eva Löfgren, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Gothenburg: On spatial integration and segregation in Swedish district court buildings

Emma Nilsson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, University of Lund: Architecture and the making of justice

Martin Sunnqvist, LL.D., District Judge, Malmö City Court: The ‘ting’ and the stone circle

Abstracts of their presentations can be found below. After the presentations, a short discussion took place, with Derek Green, Chief Justice of Newfoundland, Graham Brawn, Professor of Architecture, University of Melbourne, and Paul Burns, Head of Infrastructure, Irish Court Services, as discussants. To mention some examples from the discussions, Derek Green asked whether court buildings are needed in a future society where meetings increasingly are held virtually, and Paul Burns showed some examples of Irish court buildings inspired by the historical stone circle. Finally, professor Kjell Å Modéer handed out some copies of an essay in French about the application of the idea of Palais de Justice.

Four Courts, Dublin, Ireland, with a circular mid part resembling the ancient stone circles

Four Courts, Dublin, Ireland, with a circular mid part resembling the ancient stone circles

Many interesting ideas were discussed during the seminar and when it ended, there was more to discuss. In sum, it can be said that a two-hour seminar with topics enough for a two-day conference is better than an two-day conference with topics that could have been dealt with in two hours.

Abstracts

Eva Löfgren: Close, yet far away. On spatial integration and segregation in Swedish district court buildings

The issue of spatial distance and proximity has always been important to those involved in legal proceedings, even though it has rarely been articulated or documented. This paper will expose the on-going friction between two similar spatial polarities, integration and segregation, as they appear through the changes of Swedish rural district courthouses during the last 200 years. The scale of the analysis will vary from an urban planning perspective, to the spatial organization within the individual courthouse and courtroom. By setting out from the 17th century situation where permanent localities still constituted exceptions to the rule of ambulant courts, I will display how the law of 1734 fixed and segregated legal proceedings not only spatially but also architecturally. Nevertheless, as a continuation of past habits, the first dedicated courthouses were still multi-functional buildings, both socially and spatially integrated into everyday life. By the turn of the 20th century though, the court had withdrawn behind hedges and lawns, and all aspects of the courthouse and court’s grounds communicated spatial segregation. Finally I will discuss current court architecture and show in what way legal proceedings are, both fundamentally integrated into the urban spatial grid, and fundamentally segregated, secured or excluded – within the city as well as within the actual building.

Emma Nilsson: Architecture and the Making of Justice

In Northen Europe the dispensing of laws and settling of disputes have, since prehistoric times, been located at specific places – ting – that already had or were given spatial and material configurations in order to support the publicly seeking of justice and other common matters. Since the 18th century these places of the public have been given a more stable form through the erection of designated buildings – tingshus. Even though the first buildings were fluid in the way they implemented spatial and material directives given by prevailing legal systems, the biography of court architecture is a history of increasing regulation, standardization and spatial separation of different legal activities. Such processes of institutionalization have been fueled by changes in justice dispensation and reforms in the legal system, but architecture have played an important part in effectuating these changes, and thus also affecting the power relations established in processes of justice making. This talk will give a brief introduction to a theoretical framework where architecture is treated as more than the result of prevailing regulations, norms or values but rather as something active in shaping and making different bodies (such as injuried parties, lay assessors, defendants, witnesses) and how architecture supports or de-stabilizes different territorial claims. The concepts presented are developed in studies on public space (Kärrholm 2012, 2015) and urban materialities (Nilsson 2010) but form a theoretical perspective that can be useful when studying architectures of justice.

Martin Sunnqvist: The ‘ting’ and the stone circle

The concept of ‘ting’ stemming from the mediaeval local assembly was in the 1970s taken into the name of the general courts of first instance (tingsrätt). This was when the courts of first instance in the towns (mayor’s or magistrates’ courts, Rådhusrätt) were merged with the courts of first instance on the countryside (district courts, Häradsrätt). The concept of ‘ting’ has continuously been used at first for the three annual court sessions on the countryside and now for the sessions when several criminal cases are heard in the same day. An interesting example of maintaining the historical roots of the ‘ting’ is the stained glass window from the 1940s in the former district court building in Ängelholm, where the image of a stone circle is central. This example of using art in a court room to symbolize the historical roots of judging can be compared to more modern court rooms where such symbolism is seldom present. Swedish judges do not use robes and the coat-of-arms of the state is only present on the law books. I will conclude, from my perspective as a judge, with some personal comments about the balance between proximity and distance in the courtroom, both as regards measures and in a more metaphorical meaning.

Stained glass window by Ralph Bergholtz (1946) in the district court building of Ängelholm, Sweden. In the middle is the stone circle as an ancient symbol of judging.

Stained glass window by Ralph Bergholtz (1946) in the district court building of Ängelholm, Sweden. In the middle is the stone circle as an ancient symbol of judging.

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Ledig tjänst som stipendiat i rättshistoria i Oslo

 

En tjänst som stipendiat i rättshistoria är ledig vid Institutt for offentlig rett, Det juridiske fakultet, Universitetet i Oslo.

Ställningen är kopplad till det tvärvetenskapliga nordiska forskningsprojekte  «Offentlighet og ytringsfrihet i Norden, 1815-1900», som är en del av satsingsområdet  UIO: Norden ved Universitetet i Oslo.

För ansökning, se full utlysningstext här.

 

 

 

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Festskriftsöverlämning till professor Mats Kumlien

Tisdagen den 10 maj avtackades professor Mats Kumlien i Uppsala. Mats ”lurades” iväg till ett seminarium i Gustavianum under förevändningen att seniorprofessor Kjell Å Modéer skulle hålla ett seminarium. Föga anade Mats att seminariet snart skulle övergå ett en allmän hyllning av Mats forskargärning och överlämnade av en festskrift med titeln ”Arbetslinjer och långa linjer (Iustus 2016, en länk till boken finns här). Efter seminariet följde en mottagning på Gustavianum och kvällen avslutades med middag på slottet i Uppsala.

Stort tack för att vi fick vara med och fira dig, Mats! Vi är så glada att vi får ha dig kvar som seniorprofessor ett bra tag till!

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